Water is needed by crops for them to survive. During rainy seasons, crops get the water they need from the rainfall. When it is not raining, these crops still need water. Watering of the crops is known as irrigation. During irrigation, water is supplied by an irrigation sprinkler. Also, pumps, valves, and pipes are needed during irrigation. A good sprinkler is needed for effective irrigation. In case you have a big garden, you need to buy a large sprinkler to ensure that water reaches every part of the garden.
Watering of crops through irrigation has been done for a long time by crop growers. Crops are irrigated using different irrigation methods. However, not all irrigation methods are effective. Therefore, you need to choose an irrigation method which is effective for your garden. Also, you need to know the options available so that you can choose the best from them. For effective crop irrigation, a number of things have to be put into consideration. Below is a discussion of some of the things which need to be put into consideration.
Consider the type of soil in the garden where the crops are grown. The type of soil dictates which irrigation method is the best for the crops. The frequency in which you irrigate the crops is also determined by the type of soil . Sandy soils need frequent irrigation. Clay soils are known to hold water for long periods and so if your garden has clay soil, irrigation should not be done frequently. Also, you should use a minimal amount of water if the garden has clay soil.
Put the land topography into consideration. A structure of the land is what is known as the land’s topography. A land can either be flat, hilly or sloppy. When you know how your land is structured, you will able to prevent water runoffs during irrigation. Drip irrigation is the type of irrigation which should be used on flat land. Pivot and traveler systems should not be used on hilly and sloppy as a lot of water will be wasted.
Consider the type of crops grown when you are irrigating. A lot of money is spent when buying the tools to be used for irrigation. High value crops are the crops which should be irrigated for you to get back the money which is spent when buying the irrigation tools. For instance, you should irrigate vegetables and fruits since they are valuable rather than irrigating wheat and soya beans. Above is a discussion of some of the things which should be put in mind when irrigating.